What is CAGR?
CAGR stands for Compound Annual Growth Rate. It is a measure used to calculate the annualized growth rate of an investment over a specified period of time. CAGR is often used in financial analysis to determine the performance of an investment or portfolio.
CAGR takes into account the effects of compounding, which refers to the process of reinvesting earnings or returns to generate additional returns over time. By factoring in the effects of compounding, CAGR provides a more accurate picture of the overall growth of an investment, taking into account both the magnitude and timing of returns.
How to calculate CAGR?
The formula for calculating CAGR is as follows:
CAGR = (Ending value / Beginning value) ^ (1 / Number of years)  1
Where:
 Ending value is the value of the investment at the end of the specified period
 Beginning value is the value of the investment at the beginning of the specified period
 The number of years is the length of the specified period
For example, if an investment has a beginning value of $10,000 and an ending value of $20,000 over a period of five years, the CAGR would be:
CAGR = ($20,000 / $10,000) ^ (1 / 5)  1 CAGR = 0.1487 or 14.87%
This means that the investment had an average annual growth rate of 14.87% over the fiveyear period.
CAGR is useful for comparing the performance of investments over different time periods and for evaluating the performance of investment managers. It is a more reliable measure of growth than simple average returns because it takes into account the effects of compounding.
Investors can use CAGR to set expectations for future growth and assess the risk and return potential of different investment opportunities. It is important to note that CAGR is not a guarantee of future returns and should be used in conjunction with other measures of investment performance to make informed investment decisions.
There are several other terms related to CAGR in the context of investing. Some of these terms include:

Annualized Return: This is another way to express CAGR, and it represents the average rate of return per year over a specified period of time.

Total Return: This is the total amount of money earned from an investment over a specified period of time, including both capital gains and income.

Holding Period: This is the length of time an investment is held before being sold or disposed of.

RiskAdjusted Return: This is a measure of investment performance that takes into account the level of risk associated with the investment. It is often used to compare the performance of different investments or investment managers.

TimeWeighted Return: This is a measure of investment performance that eliminates the effects of external cash flows, such as deposits or withdrawals, over a specified period of time.

MoneyWeighted Return: This is a measure of investment performance that takes into account the timing and size of external cash flows, such as deposits or withdrawals, over a specified period of time.

Standard Deviation: This is a statistical measure of the variability or risk of an investment's returns over a period of time. A higher standard deviation indicates greater volatility or risk.
Understanding these related terms can help investors evaluate the performance of their investments and make informed decisions about where to allocate their money.