Diseases of the Human Body

Deficiency Diseases

Disease Deficiency of Symptoms
Anemia Hemoglobin (Iron) General weakness and pale complexion
Goiter Iodine Painful joint
Beri-beri Vitamin B Weakness, swelling and pain in legs, loss of appetite
Scurry Vitamin C Swollen gums, delayed wound healing sleeplessness, facial pallor, diarrhea, deformed skull, pelvis and limb in children
Night-blindness Vitamin A
Dermatitis Vitamin A Dryness of skin
Pellagra Nicotinic Acid
(Vitamin B Complex)
Diarrhea, mental lethargy, red skin, itchy hands, feet, elbows and knees

Insect-Borne Diseases

Disease Propagated by
Malaria Female Anopheles mosquitoes
Plague Rat flea
Leishmaniasis Sand fly
Dengue Fever Aedes mosquito

Disease and Causative Agents

Causative Agent Diseases
Bacteria Diphtheria, gonorrhoea, meningitis, cholera, leprosy, typhoid, tetanus, tuberculosis, plague, whooping cough pneumonia
Virus Chicken pox, small pox, measles, mumps, AIDS, yellow fever, influenza, dengue fever, rabies, poliomyelitis
Protozoan Malaria, sleeping, sickness, Kala azar, leishmaniasis, amoebic dysentery
Fungus Athlete’s foot, Ringworms, Dhobi’s Itch

Disease affecting Different Parts of Body

Disease Part of the Human Body affected
AIDS Immune system of he body (resistance)
Arthritis Joints
Asthma Bronchial muscles (lungs)
Cataract Eyes
Conjunctivitis
Glaucoma
Diabetes Pancreas, blood, kidneys
Dermatitis Skin
Diphtheria Throat
Eczema Skin
Gout Joints
Hepatitis, Jaundice Liver
Malaria Spleen, Liver, RBCs
Meningitis Spinal cord and brain
Polio Legs
Pyrrhoea Teeth and gums
Pleurisy Lungs
Rheumatism Joints
Pneumonia Lungs
Sinsusitis Facial bones
Typoid Intestines, whole body
Tuberculosis Lungs
Tonsillitis Glands in throat (tonsils)

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