Immunization and Vaccines - Information & Questions Answered
Do you know "Life saviour Immunization saves between 2 to 3 million lives each year by controlling and eliminating certain life-threatening diseases."
Importance of Immunization
Immunization is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by administering vaccines.
Immunization vs vaccination
Vaccination is when a vaccine is administered to you (usually by injection). Immunization is what happens in your body after vaccination.
Babies get some natural immunity from mothers through breastfeeding, is it still important to give immunization?
Yes! The immunity received from the mother gradually diminishes as the baby's own immune system starts to develop. Also, there are some deadly diseases they can't handle. Vaccines help strengthen their immune system and get extra protection.
How do vaccines work?
Children are exposed to thousands of germs every day — through food, air and other eq. things in their surroundings. Vaccines use very small amounts of substances as= (antigens) that help your child's immune system to recognize and fight serious diseases.
Simply put: Both, getting a disease or getting a vaccine, can get the immune system active and give future protection from that disease. But, the difference is that with the disease you have to get sick to get that protection. With the vaccine, you don't.
How and where can a child be immunized?
A child can be immunized in a nearby government health center. Vaccinations are also provided by private hospitals and private doctors.
What is the cost?
Immunization is free of cost in government hospitals against the vaccine-preventable diseases under the government's Universal Immunization Program (UIP).
Can vaccination be given even after missing some doses?
Definitely yes, even if your child has missed a few vaccinations, it is still advisable to follow the immunization schedule.
Vaccines are safe Like any medicine, vaccines can cause mild side effects such as a low-grade fever, or pain and redness at the injection site. These would generally go away within a few days on their own. Remember, there is a 1 in a million chance of getting a serious reaction to a vaccine.
Safe Injection Practices:
- Ensure that the needle and syringe is used only once. Both needle and syringe must be discarded once they have been used.
- Follow the immunization schedule as per the guidelines.
- Keep a track of your immunization record and carry it along before getting any subsequent vaccination done.
- Always consult your doctor before getting any type of vaccination done.
Vaccines act as a bulletproof jacket against some of the serious infectious diseases. Despite this, an estimated 18.7 million infants worldwide are still missing out on basic vaccines.* In fact, Vaccine hesitancy has been identified by the WHO as one of the top ten global health threats of 2019.
Want to know more about immunization schedules? Don't let any confusion hold you back. Talk to a doctor now.