Medical Discoveries

DiscoveryMade byCountryYear
Antibiotic (Penicillin)Alexander FlemingScotland1928
AntisepticJoseph ListerScotland1867
AspirinDr. Felix HoffmannGermany1899
Blood CirculationWilliam HarveyBritain1628
Blood GroupK. LandsteinerAustria1900-1902
Blood TransfusionJean-Baptiste DenysFrance1625
Cholera and TB GermsRobert KochGermany1883
Diphtheria GermsKlebs & LofflerGermany1883-84
Electro Cardiogram (ECG)William EinthovenDutch1903
Heart Lung MachineJohn Heysham GibbonUSA1953
Hypodermic SyringeAlexander WoodBritain1853
Heart TransplantCristian BarnardSouth Africa1967
Kidney MachineW.J. KolfNetherlands1944
Malaria GermsA. LaveranFrance1880
Organ TransplantJohn P. MerrilUSA1953
Scan (CAT)Godfrey HounsfieldEngland1973
SphygomomanometerScipione Riva-RocciItaly1896
StethoscopeRene LaennecFrance1819
Thermometer (Clinical)Sir Thomas AllbuttEngland1867
UltrasoundIan DonaldIreland1950
X-rayW.RoentgenGermany1895

Important Vaccines

VaccineDeveloped byCountryYear
Small PoxEdward JennerEngland1796
CholeraLouis PasteurFrance1880
Diphtheria and Tetanus
Emil Adolf Von Behring
& Shihbasaburo kitasato
Germany
Japan
1891
TB VaccineAlbert Calmette and Camille GuerinFrance1922
Polio VaccineJonas E. SalkUSA1952
Oral Polio VaccineAlbert Bruce SabinUSA1955
Measles Vaccine
John F. Enders
& Thomas Peeble
USA1953
Rabies VaccineLouis PasteurFrance1885
Typhus VaccineCharles NicolleFrance1909